My big idea about Gladstone is that as I put it in the beginning of this volume it was his unswerving conviction, whether as young Evangelical or mature High Churchman, of the manifest providential government of the world, and his growing sense of his own assigned role as an instrument, however unworthy of God Almighty.
The Conservatives abandoned protection but unwillingly; they could not oust the Liberals, whom Gladstone eventually joined inand whom he fortified with a series of notable budgets. It did not, however, impress the electorate, and Disraeli in went down to as big a crash as Gladstone had, six years earlier.
This judicial imposition of socially acceptable rents sanctioned an unprecedented degree of state intervention in the labour market. In he abolished flogging, raising the private soldier status to more like an honorable career.
Free trade had triumphed, and was the basis of a long economic boom, which only ended in the late s. The Congress of Berlin checked the Russian advance and preserved Europe from major war for the next 36 years. In this respect Shannon has missed an opportunity: That was the Peel that really mattered to Gladstone.
In he abolished flogging, raising the private soldier status to more like an honorable career. There are many other examples in the Diaries as well as in other autobiographical writings by less famous Victorians of such a frame of mind.
Thus, one of the long-term effects of this blending of reform and repression was to transform a semi-revolutionary situation in Ireland into one in which grievances were voiced through legal and political channels. During his second term as prime minister Gladstone was confronted with a worsening agricultural and trade depression, to which his policy of laissez-faire provided no answer.
Yet Gladstone was an intellectual in politics, if ever there was one. On Ireland my sins are those of commission rather than omission, it seems.
That this, in the matter of motives and intentions, was a good and necessary thing to be trying to do I make no doubt. His conventional fame as a populist is really wide of the mark. It was as that kind of Peelite that Gladstone summoned the people to his aid against a refractory House of Commons in The English people, he said, would be 'idiotic' if they had not long perceived that the time had arrived 'when social and not political improvement is the object which they ought to pursue'.
However, his world-view should not be imputed to him as a peculiar fault: The latter has been superbly analysed by Matthew in particular Gladstone, vol. It passed by a small majority in the Commons, but then was defeated in the Lords. His was indeed a Peelite strategy.
The point I was making was Gladstones conviction of his personal assignment by the Most High as His instrument for His purpose in this case, giving back to the Irish a parliament in Dublin. Her power was limited, but mattered just enough for it to pay a prime minister to be on good terms with her.
For the next 28 years, the Torys were to be the minority party, with occasional intervals in office. I am gratified that he makes no complaint about what other reviewers have described, puzzlingly, as my impenetrable prose. The boy was baptized into the Church of England.
Biagini misses the point entirely. Gladstone was no demagogue; he had convinced himself that the masses who hung upon his words were less exposed than the upper and middle classes to motives of material self-interest; and he started to appeal to the masses accordingly as the highest tribunal.
Together with the intellectual dimension of Gladstone's life, Shannon neglects three other important aspects of his multifaceted subject: Becoming Scottish Although a son of Scottish parents, Gladstone was not initially considered a Scot by Englishmen, for he had been born and brought up in England and did not represent Scotland until Gladstone served as President of the Board of Trade —44 during the second ministry of Robert Peel.
If only he had been listened to in ! However, the Conservative press has responded to the timely publication of Shannon's Gladstone as if it had been both at one and the same time.
For he did achieve what he is alleged to have desired, and much more: Quite apart from personal ambition and the will to power, part of the explanation must be found, again, in his religious providentialism.
If by ignoring human weaknesses he allowed the best cause to become the enemy of the good, he did more by his example than any political leader in modern times to give effect, in his private and public life, to the spirit of the Gospel message.
His conventional fame as a populist is really wide of the mark. It is a disservice to the academic community, as much as to Shannon personally, to try to drag his book into the gutter of day-to-day politics.
On re-reading I am always impressed by its limpid clarity. What Shannon is simply trying to do is to treat his subject without fear or favour. Significantly, New Labour was on unusually good terms with the Liberal Democrats, and its manifesto was remarkable for a novel emphasis on constitutional, rather than social, reform.
Three issues faced him at the outset: He had refused his consent to a modest increase in the Naval estimates and had called his colleagues "criminals" to their faces.Even so,it was somewhat ironical that the devoutly Anglican Gladstone should sponsor a Bill which Benjamin Disraeli, a convert, would roundly condemn as 'legalising confiscation, consecrating sacrilege, condoning treason and destroying churches'.
Nevertheless, within a year Gladstone had tackled and resolved one major conflict in Ireland. Gladstone's long marriage () to Catherine Gladstone () reveals an ideal helpmeet and ideal Victorian wife, She was also motivated by a sense of mission; this led her to censor information her husband received, which kept him unaware of the true nature of public opinion, and her strong opposition to retirement, which kept Gladstone in office longer than he or his colleagues desired.
Analysis of the vote in the great conurbations in revealed that it was there that the Conservative vote was expanding fastest.
The effect of Redistribution was to optimize the urban and suburban vote, which accelerated this expansion' (p).
- formed minority conservative government at request of king 👑 election- gained seats 💺 Gave tamworth speech Boosted party morale - Peel seen as a competent leader.
What were the results of the Tamworth manifesto? The conservatives did well in. Gladstonian Liberalism essaysGladstone was a complex man whose liberal principles clashed with the strong Anglican conservative influences of his early life; in addition there was, as always, the need to maintain public support for his government, and the views of other MPs in his party.
Feb 17, · His youth was as disreputable as Gladstone's was respectable. Gladstone's role model was Sir Robert Peel, leader of the Conservative party; .Download